The aim of the present study is to investigate and understand the coping strategies that victims of bullying frequently use and perceive to be effective, and to examine whether there are significant differences between strategies perceived to be effective, frequently used strategies and their background variables (gender and education). A total of 593 valid questionnaires were collected from students in primary, lower secondary and upper secondary schools. This study adopted Kristensen and Smith's（2003）Self-Report Coping Measure (SRCM) as the instrument to investigate coping strategies. Rasch model and MANOVA were used as methods of analysis. The results of this study showed that the strategies of "seeking social support" and "self-reliance/problem solving" were most frequently used and perceived as more effective. On the contrary, the coping strategies of 'internalising' and 'externalising' were perceived as less effective and were rarely used. In addition, female students used 'internalising' significantly more often than male students. "Externalising was perceived as more effective by male students. High school students were significantly more likely to use 'problem solving', 'internalisation' and 'externalisation'. However, there were no significant differences in the perceived effectiveness of the five strategies across educational levels. Based on the results of this study, the researcher hopes that schools can increase students' knowledge of coping strategies in bullying situations in order to reduce and prevent bullying.
Li Chun Wang, National Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan
About the Presenter(s)
Ms LI CHUN WANG is a University Doctoral Student at National Sun Yat-sen University in Taiwan
See this presentation on the full schedule – Friday Schedule